City of Scarborough

Scarborough is located in eastern part of the city of Toronto, is bordered on the south by Lake Ontario, on the west by Victoria Park Avenue, on the north by Steeles Avenue East, and on the east by the Rouge River and the City of Pickering.

Scarborough is dominated by two watersheds, Highland Creek and the Rouge River. Highland Creek lies almost entirely within Scarborough and occupies approximately 70% of its total area. It occupies the western half of Scarborough while the Rouge River flows through the eastern portion. Both of these rivers flow into Lake Ontario on Scarborough’s shore. Due to the location of the Lakeshore CN railway right-of-way, both river deltas are constricted to narrow channels where they flow into the lake.

Highland Creek is the most urbanized watershed in the Toronto area with about 85% of its land use devoted to urban uses. Some sections of the river run through parks and remain in a fairly natural state, while other parts run through industrial or residential districts where the flow is often diverted or channeled. Sections of the creek are marked by deep ravines and valleys, which contain little or no urban development. The deep valley the creek cuts in its bottom sections remains primarily parkland, with little or no development taking place within the valley.

Scarborough Bluffs are located along the shore of Lake Ontario, stretching about 14 kilometers, and reaching heights of more than 60 meters’ in places. Erosion has been a problem along the Scarborough Bluffs. Properties located near the brink have been abandoned, and houses condemned, as the brink wears back away from the lake. Since the 1980s, large areas of beach at the base of the Bluffs have been reinforced with limestone breakwaters and construction rubble infilling.

Scarborough is also notable for the Rouge River Valley, parts of which are still in a natural, wooded state. The valley is home to a great variety of wildlife including deer, foxes, and the occasional coyote.

Demographics

In 2006, Scarborough’s population was 602,575, A significant portion of Scarborough’s population is composed of immigrants and descendants of immigrants who have arrived in the last four decades. In 2006, 57% of residents were not born in Canada. Visible minorities make up 67.4% of the population. South Asian residents make up 22.0% of the population, Chinese residents account for 19.5% of the population, Black Canadian residents make up 10.3% of the population, while Filipino Canadian residents account for 6.5%. The remaining visible minority groups each represent less than 2% of the population. The immigrant population has created vibrant multicultural communities in various areas of Scarborough. One of the most notable is Agincourt neighborhood , a concentration of Chinese businesses and restaurants. You can find Caribbean, Chinese and Halal restaurants and shops along the main arteries, such as, Kingston Road, Eglinton Avenue East and Lawrence Avenue East, as well as businesses representing the other ethnic groups in Scarborough.

Economy

Compared with the other part of City of Toronto, manufacturing is higher in Scarborough, and professional, scientific and technical services are lower. Notable companies that have their headquarters in Scarborough include Toyota Canada Inc., Eli Lilly Canada Inc., Thomson Carswell, CTVglobemedia, Teva Canada, Cinram, Royal Doulton, SKF, Alfa Laval, President’s Choice Financial, Aviva, Yellow Pages Group, and Telus.[35] Scarborough was also home to a General Motors Canada Van Assembly plant, which closed in 1993.

Transportation

Scarborough is at the eastern terminus of the Bloor-Danforth line of the Toronto subway and RT system. There are three subway stations in Scarborough: Victoria Park, Warden, and Kennedy. Beginning at Kennedy station, a separate line called the Scarborough RT runs north and east toward Scarborough City Centre. Totally, there are 6 stops for the entire RT line, all stops are in Scarborough. In addition to the subway and RT, the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) runs an extensive bus network throughout Scarborough. Many of the bus lines run to and from the subway and RT stations.

The GO Transit authority has two major commuter train lines running through Scarborough, and operates seven GO train stations. The Lakeshore East line runs across the south end of the city, while the Stouffville line runs in a more north-south fashion in the centre of Scarborough. GO Transit also has a few bus stations and stops in Scarborough.

Highway 401 runs through Scarborough, east to the border of Quebec, west to Winsor, the only highway in Scarborough.

Education

The Toronto District School Board operates Scarborough’s English-language, secular public schools.

There are many prestigious primary and secondary public schools in Scarborough. Prestigious primary school include Kennedy, Courcelette, David Lewis, Golf Road, Bridlewood, Price of Peace. Famous secondary schools are Notre Dame, Neil McNeil, Mary Ward, Delphi Secondary Alternative and Agincourt.

Scarborough has two post-secondary institutions. Centennial College was opened in 1966, the first community college to open in Ontario. It has 12,000 full time and 28,000 part-time students.[51] The University of Toronto expanded in 1964 and built the University of Toronto Scarborough, which has an enrolment of 10,000 students as of 2006.
references: wikipedia